What Are the Elements of a PhD Thesis?

What Are the Elements of a PhD Thesis?

What Are the Elements of a PhD Thesis?

There are five essential parts of a PhD thesis: Table of contents, Abstract, Table of figures, and Appendix. Each of these elements plays a vital role in conveying the thesis’s main message. In this article, we’ll discuss how to structure each part. Read on to learn more about the different types of elements to avoid. In this way, you can write your PhD thesis as if it were an established academic publication.

Table of contents

The table of contents of a PhD thesis must contain a complete listing of all chapters, sections, and appendices. The table of contents should not contain individual chapter numbers. It must align with the left page margin and be indented to the right. Major subheadings should also be included and must be formatted using consistent tabs. The following are some examples of good practice for the table of contents of a PhD thesis.

The first line of the title page should include the title of the dissertation. It should be double-spaced and have the word “Approved by” following it. The name of the faculty member who approved the dissertation should appear in parentheses under the “Approved by” line. Be sure to line up the first letter of the first letter in the “Approved by” line. Long names should be aligned to the left so that their name does not get in the way of the formatting. Likewise, the signature line should not include page numbers.

When referencing a table of contents, it is important to note that the structure of the thesis may also affect the format of the table of contents. A single level structure is fine for shorter documents, but if your dissertation is long and contains multiple chapters, you should use a multi-level table of contents. This structure allows for more detailed listings of sections within chapters. Regardless of the style chosen, make sure that the table of contents is easy to navigate.

Adding the table of contents to a PhD thesis is not difficult. It is important to include an acknowledgement page for those who have helped you with the project. These pages should be separate single pages and have a professional tone. You should center the acknowledgements page 1/2 inch above or below the page margin. If there are multiple acknowledgements, they should be listed as separate, single pages. These pages should be separate from the rest of the thesis.

The table of contents of a PhD thesis should include the main chapters, sections, and appendices. The table of contents should also contain the exact page numbers of all chapters, tables, and appendices. The table of contents of a PhD thesis should follow the APA format. American Psychology Association recommends using level one and two headings, while level three headings are optional. The table of contents should include the abstract, references/bibliography, and appendice materials.


When writing the abstract of a PhD thesis, it is important to keep it short and to summarize the main results of your research. While it is not necessary to include all results, it is important to provide a general context for the project. You can also write in the past or present tense. The main thesis should be the focus of the abstract. The introduction section should briefly state the purpose of the PhD thesis, as well as the main outcomes and significance.

In the abstract, you should keep it to 300 words, although some universities will allow you to write more. However, keeping it to 300 words is a good practice. You should practice succinctly presenting information, especially to non-specialists. A good proofreading service can help you in this process. It is also important to remember to use specific formatting rules. If you don’t know the rules for writing an abstract, consider hiring a professional proofreader.

Poorly written abstracts are not very helpful. For example, an abstract of a PhD thesis can be 71 words long, but it is poorly structured and lacks clarity. The author uses an acronym such as EBM (Electron Beam Melting) to refer to 3D printing, but it doesn’t explain what this means. You should use a proper acronym definition instead. You should also avoid using abbreviations or acronyms unless you really need to.

A good thesis abstract will answer key questions that readers would have asked if they had read the entire paper. Ultimately, the abstract will help reviewers determine the extent of your research, its value to the field, and whether or not you’re a good fit for the department. As such, the abstract should be well-structured and be able to capture the reader’s attention. There are no shortcuts in writing a PhD thesis abstract, however.

An abstract should not contain voluminous details that can confuse a reader. A good abstract answers six key questions, summarizes the research, and includes the results obtained through the study. It should also have adequate keywords and avoid using references and abbreviations. An abstract that focuses on the six essential questions in the dissertation will be the best. If you are unsure how to begin writing an abstract, consider using an example of a thesis abstract.

Table of figures

In the text, the table of figures is often referred to as the “figure legend.” The caption label, and therefore the figure number, is listed on the left of the table. The figure number also serves as the page number for each figure. It is important to cite the original source of each figure. Figure captions should be named similarly to the text. Regardless of the type of figure, they must have a title and page number.

The data presented in tables and figures is meant to summarize the main findings of a research project. Tables should not be used as a substitute for the main text, though a good figure may be useful to highlight a certain aspect of data. However, it is important to make sure that the table and figures do not overpower the text. The figure captions should provide additional information if needed. If possible, they should complement the text, not contradict it.

The text should be concise and consistent. Table captions should be aligned to fit within the text margins. Tables should not be offset or cropped. They should be centered and arranged so that they will fit well on the page. Oversized figures should be centered. When possible, they should be oriented in landscape mode, allowing the table caption to be read properly. There should also be adequate white space between the figure captions and the text.

The text in a table or figure should be written in Times New Roman or another font size. The font size should be at least 12 points. Line spacing within a figure should be single-spaced. APA style requires that all figures be labelled and numbered. The figure captions should be listed after the first paragraph mentioned in the text. If the figure is large, it should be labeled as “Figure 1 (Continued)” or something similar.

When referencing the figures and tables, it is important to identify them by their page numbers. The table should be referenced by page numbers instead of relative location. Refer to the table and its caption with a number. If the table starts on a different page than the table itself, it could be confusing. A table should be numbered in ascending order. If the table starts on a page different from the table, it must be referenced using numbers.


There are a few rules for writing an appendix in a PhD thesis. First, the reader should be able to understand the dissertation without the appendix. Also, the appendix should not contain any critical information; it should simply provide additional information. If you plan to write several appendices, make sure you have enough time to finish them. If you can, include the appendix with your thesis.

To format an appendix properly, it should have the same numbering style as the main text. The title should be formatted the same way as the chapter title. In case there are multiple appendices, they should be numbered A, B, C, and so on. Each appendix should begin on a separate page, like a chapter. You should include the title of each appendix as well.

In addition to the main body of the PhD thesis, an appendix should contain the results of the research. Research can include tables, graphs, and images. It is not advisable to include personal information from study participants in the main body of the PhD thesis, as this will disrupt the flow of writing. You can also include extra information, such as surveys and focus group responses, in the appendix. These materials are also helpful in enhancing the quality of your PhD thesis.

Using the appendix in a PhD thesis is a crucial step towards a well-received final thesis. It is an opportunity to showcase your research and gain recognition. However, there are a few guidelines to follow and ensure the quality of your paper. The appendix is not just an attachment – it is an integral part of your thesis. It is essential that you use it properly.

When citing a research paper, be sure to cite any reference used in the text. Listed in the table of contents, appendices provide additional data about the main thesis. They should appear after the bibliography and references. Upload both files as one file, so the reader will have a single document to work with. Remember to redact any personal information. Remember to include a copyright notice when citing a source.

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